Last August 31, 2016 from 8am to 10am, two groups of clerks presented their meta-analysis studies—one Pediatrics case and one Surgery case—at the Angelo King Auditorium.

The first group’s study was entitled “Vitamin A Supplementation for the Reduction of Morbidity from Retinopathy of Prematurity and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Premature Infants: A Meta-analysis.” The research proponents included clerks Cebreros, De Gala, Dimagiba, Fong, Hernandez, Lopez, Ngai, Paragas, Rosete, Siray and Trinidad with adviser Dr. Galindez. For pooled analysis results, the group found out that there was no statistically significant benefit of Vitamin A supplementation in reducing risk of Retinopathy of Prematurity, and that there was no statistically significant benefit of Vitamin A supplementation in reducing risk of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. The group recommended others to study the efficacy of using various routes of administration of Vitamin A (intramuscular, oral, etc.) because it may have been a factor that affected the results of their study.

One problem or limitation that the group encountered was getting free full text articles, to which Dean Carandang commented “Access to information should not be a problem now.”

The assigned reactor, Dr. Chua, said that it would have been better to concentrate on one disease only and to limit the route of administration included in the studies. She also said that Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia has a new definition, so it is best to make use of studies that define Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in the most recent way.
The second group’s study was on “Post-operative Pain in Primary Inguinal Hernia Repair Following Totally Extraperitoneal Repair vs. Lichtensein Method: A Meta-analysis.” The research proponents were clerks Imperial, Tan, H., Tan, E., Tay, Vaquilar, Villangca, Villena, Vista, Vivar, Yayen and Yu with adviser Dr. Almanzan.  The group concluded that Totally Extraperitoneal Hernia (TEP) repair showed less acute and chronic pain compared to Lichtenstein method. As for recurrence rate, operative time and length of hospital stay, there was no significant difference between TEP and Lichtenstein repair.

The assigned reactor, Dr. Adora, said that TEP should have been defined better, specifying if it was with or without fixation. Dr. Dampil recommended choosing only the high-quality articles after appraising, so as not to compromise the whole meta-analysis study. The group then clarified that they only used different articles appropriate per specific outcome.

After the case presentations, Dr. Ligsay announced some slight changes in the Clinical Research. He envisions making Evidence-based Medicine a habit for the whole college.

Before the program ended, Dean Carandang said “I want to make sure that some of you [SLCM students] will develop into scientists with high impact knowledge to be able to compete globally…” He reminded everyone to “always be thinking doctors.”